The elegant Maheshwari saree was first created in Madhya Pradesh's Maheshwar in the 18th century. Originally fashioned of only pure silk, cotton yarn was added to the weft of these sarees over time. It is reported that Queen Ahilyabai Holkar commissioned the designers of Surat and Malwa to create a beautiful nine-yard drape. She wanted to give them as gifts to visiting royals and relatives; these later developed into what is now known as Maheshwari sarees.
The Maheshwari saree's border pattern is typically reversible. On both sides, the pattern appears to be the same. Degummed mulberry silk yarn is used for the warp, while the cotton yarn is used for the weft. In comparison to Chanderi Saree, these sarees are thicker and more compact. Typically, the body of the saree has no extra threads used for design.
Designs of Maheshwari Sarees
Maheshwari sarees are woven in five different ways: plain weaves in Chandrakala and Baingani Chandrakala, as well as striped and checkered weaves in Chandtara, Beli, and Parbi. The saree's pallu includes a reversible border composed of Surat-sourced gold and silver zari thread. The designs on the sarees are woven in gold, silver, or copper-colored zari threads and are applied to the fabric using the extra-weft process. The gemstone embellishments lend sparkle and shimmer to the patterns. Patterns such as chatai (mat), chameli (jasmine), rui phool (cotton flower), hans (swan), heera (diamond), leheriya (wave), and Narmada are common patterns drawn from temple architecture and decoration (river).
Maheshwari saree has reversible borders, which means you can wear it from both sides. You can wear it in the normal way in which you wear your normal saree. This kind of borders are known as Bugdi. Here these are available in plain and striped looks, and both of them can be worn from either side. This is because they are found in an unbelievable weaving pattern. You will admire wearing this saree.
The Maheshwari Sarees are lightly weighted because of its lightweight metal frame. These are also made up of cotton and silk fabric, where cotton Maheshwari saree is very light to wear. The light fabric makes it a perfect choice for every women. Also, the weaving process is the main reason behind the lightweight of Maheshwari sarees.
There are 5 main categories in these sarees: Parbi, Beli, Chandratara, Chandakala, and Beigani Chandrakala. If you want a plain look from these sarees, then choose Chandrakala and Beigani Chandrakala types. And if you want a checked and striped look, then Beli, Parbi, and Chandratara types will be the best for you.
The Maheshwari sarees don’t have a narrow border, it just gives the illusion of narrowness because of its narrow stripes and solid colour body look. These sarees usually have different border design as compared to the overall body, which makes it different from others.
It is suggested not to wash your Maheshwari sarees with detergent for first three times as it may ruin the shine and beauty of this saree. After that, start washing it with the mild detergent. Make sure not to keep your Maheshwari saree soaked in the detergent for the longer time.